22 May 2012
Saratov. Russia. 1981 - 2.
Nikolai Tšernõševski mälestussammas.
Памятник Николаю Чернышевскому.
Nikolai Tšernõševski majamuuseum.
* Nikolay Gavrilovich Chernyshevsky (1828 – 1889) was a Russian revolutionary democrat, materialist philosopher, critic, and socialist (seen by some as a utopian socialist). He was the leader of the revolutionary democratic movement of the 1860s, and had an influence on Vladimir Lenin. His famous work "What is to be Done?" (1863, alternatively translated as "What Shall we Do?") is written by Chernyshevsky when he was in the Peter and Paul Fortress. The novel's hero, named Rakhmetov, became an emblem of the philosophical materialism and nobility of Russian radicalism. Chernyshevsky's House-Museum in Saratov was founded on September 17, 1920.